Voltage References

Voltage references are electronic devices that provide a fixed voltage. They provide a constant voltage regardless of external factors like the load on the device or fluctuations in the power supply.


Voltage references have different characteristics depending on their purpose. Voltage references used in laboratory applications are designed to have extremely high precision and accuracy, whereas those used as regulators for computer power supplies are much cheaper but less precise. 


Types of voltage references

There are many different kinds of voltage references, generally categorised by type, tolerance, rated voltage, reference voltage and rated current. The most common tolerances are ±2%, ±1% and ±0.5%, but voltage references are available even up to ±40%. 


What are voltage references used for? 

Voltage references can be used for a variety of different precision measurement and control systems such as power supplies in personal computers and analog-to-digital converters. They are also used in scientific applications and in medical equipment where voltage variations need to be tested regularly. 


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Description Price Nominal Voltage Package Type Reference Type Initial Accuracy Mounting Type Topology Maximum Output Current Maximum Input Voltage Minimum Output Voltage Maximum Output Voltage Pin Count Line Regulation Load Regulation Dimensions
RS Stock No. 761-5905
Mfr. Part No.LM4040DIZ-4.1/NOPB
PHP32.72
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - 4.1 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 162-6249
Mfr. Part No.LM4040DIZ-4.1/NOPB
PHP12.604
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - 4.1 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 671-0292
Mfr. Part No.LM336Z5
PHP19.43
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
5V TO-92 Programmable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 400mA - 4.8 V 5.2 V 3 - 20 mV 4.58 x 3.86 x 4.58mm
RS Stock No. 169-7200
Mfr. Part No.TL431AMFDT,215
BrandNexperia
PHP5.173
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.495 V 36 V 3 - - 3 x 1.4 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 661-9827
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
PHP6.478
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-4726
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-1.2/NOPB
PHP15.077
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 797-4810
Mfr. Part No.TL431AMFDT,215
BrandNexperia
PHP5.454
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.495 V 36 V 3 - - 3 x 1.4 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 283-845
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLP
PHP19.91
Each
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 534-2860
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-1.2/NOPB
PHP23.86
Each
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 284-220
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
PHP129.21
Each
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-4378
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
PHP63.459
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 661-9809
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLPR
PHP15.067
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 169-5617
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
PHP3.31
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 121-9495
Mfr. Part No.TL431ASA-7
PHP3.481
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 40 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 3 x 1.4 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 527-306
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZT
PHP23.82
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 661-9502
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZR
PHP13.195
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 738-5333
Mfr. Part No.TL431ASA-7
PHP10.604
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 40 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 3 x 1.4 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 168-4859
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZT
PHP16.429
Each (On a Reel of 250)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 162-5920
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IP
PHP66.60
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
- PDIP Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 9.81 x 6.35 x 4.57mm
RS Stock No. 661-9758
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IP
PHP70.104
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- PDIP Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 9.81 x 6.35 x 4.57mm
Related Products
Precison Fixed and Adjustable Voltage Reference ICs utilsing ...
Description:
Precison Fixed and Adjustable Voltage Reference ICs utilsing series, shunt or series/shunt topologies and available in both through-hole and surface mount packages. Voltage References are available with initial accuracies of ±0.02 to ±2%.
Precison Fixed and Adjustable Voltage Reference ICs utilsing ...
Description:
Precison Fixed and Adjustable Voltage Reference ICs utilsing series, shunt or series/shunt topologies and available in both through-hole and surface mount packages. Voltage References are available with initial accuracies of ±0.02 to ±2%.