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      • Published May 17, 2024
      • Last Modified May 17, 2024
    • 9 min

    A Complete Guide to First Aid Kits

    Discover everything you need to know about first aid kits for the workplace in our comprehensive guide.

    What is a First Aid Kit?

    A first aid kit contains a range of supplies used to provide medical treatment. They are kept in environments including homes, schools, vehicles, and businesses.

    These kits are designed with the first response in mind. They allow those in need to quickly be given medical assistance. They are mostly used for treating minor injuries like cuts, wounds and abrasions. However, they can also help with critical injury while waiting for emergency services to arrive.

    It is highly beneficial to maintain well-organised kits, as this provides fast access to what is needed. It is also essential to consider where they are kept to ensure that they are easily visible and accessible to everyone.

    Cases can be stored on worktops, in cabinets, or mounted to walls. It is worth bearing in mind that wall-mounted types can make it more challenging to transport required items as compared to an easily moveable portable case.

    The importance of first aid kits should not be overlooked. It is vital to have a first aid kit in the workplace, to ensure compliance with the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981. Per these regulations, employers must enable the provision of suitable personnel, facilities, and equipment to make sure that immediate attention can be provided if employees are taken ill or sustain an injury at work. They are applicable for all workplaces, including those with under five employees and anyone self-employed.

    Contents of First Aid Kits Checklist

    First Aid Supplies

    There is no mandatory list of items for a first aid kit but there are key staples which should form the basis of most standard boxes. Understanding what to have in a first aid kit will depend on several factors such as common risks, the size of the kit, and whether it is specialised or simply needs to contain the core first aid kit essentials.

    First aid kit refills can also be purchased to restock used or expired items. Refills are important as a well-stocked case is vital in the event of injury. It is advisable to create a checklist of essentials and ensure that aid supplies are regularly monitored.

    While the exact products can vary, the following list for first aid kit contents shows the basic items which should be included:

    • Plasters - in a range of shapes and sizes, including washproof ones
    • Sterile dressings and gauze pads - ideally a variety of small, medium and large sections
    • Creams and sprays - for antiseptic purposes as well as treating conditions such as skin rashes, insect bites and stings
    • Eyewash solution, eye bath, and eye pads - these are used to flush dust, sand, and debris from the eye
    • Alcohol-free cleansing wipes
    • Safety pins
    • Disposable gloves - typically nitrile gloves as these gloves are sterile and efficient
    • Tweezers
    • Scissors
    • Crepe rolled bandages - usually elastic, these are used to apply pressure, secure dressings, provide support, and reduce swelling
    • Adhesive tape or micropore tape
    • A thermometer
    • Triangular bandages - these are rigid and are generally used for slings, securing splints, and restricting movement where necessary
    • Adhesive dressings - these are small strips of gauze attached to an adhesive backing. They are used for minor cuts and injuries to the skin
    • Non-adhesive dressings - these are intended for covering burned or grazed skin as it is important not to use adhesive bandages on fragile skin
    • Wound dressings - these are thick pads which help to control bleeding and minimise the risk of infection
    • first aid booklet and a leaflet containing important safety guidelines and treatment information

    Different Types of First Aid Kits

    Various types of first aid kits are available, each best suited to different applications, environments, and potential injuries. Common examples include food compatible catering first aid kits, specialised burns kits, and industrial first aid kits.

    It is possible to group a first aid kit by its size and the number of patients its products can treat. For instance, 50+ person kits are likely to be much more suitable to larger or more crowded spaces. Conversely, a large workplace first aid kit may not be necessary for offices with only a few employees, for example.

    Some of the main types are explored in further detail below:

    Carrying Case

    Carrying Case

    These can be easily carried to the location of the casualty and are available in either fabric pouches or durable plastic boxes.

    Some of these types can also be wall-mounted.

    Burns Kit

    Burns Kit

    These contain everything needed to treat burn injuries – both for easing pain as well as minimising the risk of scarring.

    They contain additional items to sterilise areas of burned skin, specialised burn dressings, and gel to calm skin and help it heal.

    Specialist kits such as this are ideal for commercial kitchen environments.

    Eyewash Kit

    Eyewash Kit

    These feature sterile wash for eyes, alongside other medical supplies.

    They are ideal for use in schools, environments which use lots of chemicals, or applications such as carpentry, metal or glass working.

    First Aid and Fire Extinguisher Kit

    First Aid and Fire Extinguisher Kit

    These packs are Health and Safety Executive (HSE) compliant, with first aid and fire protection conveniently stored together.

    As well as medical supplies, they include a factory-sealed fire extinguisher for eliminating liquid and electrical fires.



    These types have the benefit of being more visible and accessible for a wider number of people. Typically marked with a large white cross, they are designed for quick and easy identification.

    This helps to raise awareness of where they are located, which can help to save time in emergency situations.

    However, it is important to bear in mind that wall-mounted boxes can make it more challenging to transport the required products to the scene of an emergency.

    First Aid Kit Requirements

    The importance of first aid should not be underestimated. Employers are required to complete a risk assessment and a first aid needs assessment, meaning the contents of a particular kit might vary due to specific workplace requirements. The BS 8599-1 standard (June 2011) specification can assist employers and managers with understanding which type is necessary.

    The BS 8599-1 standard also provides first aid kit guidelines regarding the container which holds the supplies. A compliant workplace first aid kit should be able to fit all the relevant items inside and close securely, as well as be clean, dustproof, and provide protection in the relevant environment.

    First Aid Kits for the Workplace

    The importance of first aid kits in the workplace should not be overlooked. Work first aid kits should be readily available and easily accessible whenever emergencies occur. The most suitable location will depend on the environment and the type of work being done.

    You may consider keeping the business' first aid kits in a dedicated area, where they can be quickly accessed. For anyone who drives company vehicles or works out in the field on different sites, workplace kits will need to be taken along in the car. The location, occupation, and potential hazards may also impact what should be in a first aid kit at work.

    First aid supplies come in assorted sizes. The size of the box or case will impact the number of supplies contained and the number of employees they can serve. It is also important to consider the level of risk associated with the environment and the tasks being carried out. Here is a guide on which size to use for the number of people:

    Low-Risk Environment

    This includes low-hazard premises such as offices, schools, and retail.

    • Small - less than 25 people
    • Medium - 25 to 100 people
    • Large - more than 100 people

    High-Risk Environment

    High-risk environments are areas such as warehouses and production lines, as well as businesses which require employees to work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments.

    • Small - less than 5 people
    • Medium - 5 to 25 people
    • Large - more than 25 people

    When choosing a workplace first aid kit, you should consider these factors:

    • The number of employees on the premises, ensuring there are enough supplies for each person
    • The amount, size, and complexity of floors at the building or site. It is important to have at least one bag on every floor where employees are working. Where floors are large, multiple kits should be made available
    • The level of risk. For example, an office is generally considered to be lower risk than a factory, so this will impact the amount of first aid equipment required