Voltage References

Voltage references are electronic devices that provide a fixed output voltage. They provide a constant voltage regardless of external factors. This includes the load on the device, temperature or fluctuations in the power supply. Learn more in our Complete Guide to Voltage References.

Voltage references have different characteristics depending on their purpose. Voltage references used in laboratory applications are designed to have extremely high precision and accuracy, whereas those used as regulators for computer power supplies are much cheaper but less precise.

There are many different kinds of voltage references, generally categorised by type, tolerance, rated voltage, reference voltage and rated current. The most common tolerances are ±2%, ±1% and ±0.5%, but voltage references are available even up to ±40%.

Voltage reference ICs come in a standard semiconductor package, such as PDIP, SO, SOIC and SOT-23. The pin count may also be combined with the package type, for example SO-8.

Types of voltage references

  • Two-terminal shunt voltage reference
  • Three-terminal series voltage reference
  • Band-gap voltage reference
  • Low noise voltage reference
  • Micropower voltage reference

What are voltage references used for?

Voltage references can be used for a variety of different precision measurement and control systems such as power supplies in personal computers and analogue-to-digital converters. They are also used in scientific applications and in medical equipment where voltage variations need to be tested regularly. Voltage references are also used in battery-powered devices.


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Description Price Nominal Voltage Package Type Reference Type Initial Accuracy Mounting Type Topology Maximum Output Current Maximum Input Voltage Minimum Output Voltage Maximum Output Voltage Pin Count Line Regulation Load Regulation Dimensions
RS Stock No. 661-9603
Mfr. Part No.TLV431AIDBZR
PHP44.542
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
1.24 - 6V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - 1.24 V 6 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 922-2527
Mfr. Part No.TLV431AIDBZR
PHP14.54
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
1.24 - 6V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - 1.24 V 6 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 661-9580
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IDR
PHP112.162
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- SOIC Adjustable - Surface Mount Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 162-5918
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IDR
PHP111.726
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
units
- SOIC Adjustable - Surface Mount Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 179-1665
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CD
PHP97.006
Each (In a Tube of 75)
units
- SOIC Adjustable - Surface Mount Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 462-1904
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426ID
PHP125.018
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- SOIC Adjustable - Surface Mount Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 620-0161
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CD
PHP112.162
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- SOIC Adjustable - Surface Mount Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 534-2860
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-1.2/NOPB
PHP39.62
Each
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 428-436
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLP
PHP3,738.22
Each
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-4726
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-1.2/NOPB
PHP17.66
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 761-5905
Mfr. Part No.LM4040DIZ-4.1/NOPB
PHP34.472
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - 4.1 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 661-9827
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
PHP73.549
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 145-1010
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLP
PHP3,733.027
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 169-5617
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
PHP66.043
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-6249
Mfr. Part No.LM4040DIZ-4.1/NOPB
PHP13.377
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - 4.1 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 661-9502
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZR
PHP41.652
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 922-2524
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZR
PHP39.919
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 527-306
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACDBZT
PHP38.892
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
2.5 - 36V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 661-9758
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IP
PHP125.024
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- PDIP Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 9.81 x 6.35 x 4.57mm
RS Stock No. 162-5920
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426IP
PHP102.90
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
- PDIP Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 8 - - 9.81 x 6.35 x 4.57mm