MCBs

MCBs, or miniature circuit breakers, are a type of switch used to automatically turn off electrical circuits during abnormal conditions. MCBs often replace fuses in low voltage electrical circuits as they can be more reliable, much more sensitive and are resettable.


How an MCB Works


When continuous overcurrent flows through an MCB, a bimetallic strip is heated and causes it to bend. This bending of the bimetallic strip releases a mechanical latch opening the contacts and turning off the MCB, thereby stopping the current to flow in the circuit. To restart the flow of current the MCB must be manually turned on. This mechanism protects the MCB from faults arising due to overcurrent or overload and is intended to prevent the accidental overloading of the cable in a no-fault situation. The speed of the MCB tripping will vary with the degree of the overload. This is usually achieved by the use of a thermal device in the MCB. The second characteristic is the magnetic fault protection, which is intended to operate when the fault reaches a predetermined level and to trip the MCB within one-tenth of a second. The level of this magnetic trip gives the MCB its type characteristic.


MCBs are used to perform many functions such as local control switches, isolating switches against faults and overload protection devices for installation or specific equipment or appliances.


MCB Types


MCBs have three common types for circuit protection in residential, commercial and industrial applications. The use is classified by a type, which determines the tripping characteristics of the MCB:


Type B - trips between 3 and 5 times the load current


This type will trip instantly at a rate of three to five times its rated current. These are normally used for resistive or small inductive loads where switching surges are very small. Therefore, these are suitable for residential or light commercial installations.


Type C - trips between 5 and 10 times the full load current


This type will trip instantly at a rate of five to ten times its rated current. These are normally used for high inductive loads where switching surges are high such as small motors and fluorescent lighting. In such cases, type C MCBs are preferred to handle higher value of short circuit currents. Therefore, these are suitable for highly inductive commercial and industrial installations.


Type D - trips between 10 and 20 times the full load current


This type will trip instantly at a rate of ten to twenty-five times its rated current. These are normally used for very high inductive loads where high inrush current is very frequent. These are suitable for specific industrial and commercial applications. The common examples of such applications include x-ray machines, UPS systems, industrial welding equipment, large winding motors, etc.


How to select a suitable MCB for the application?


Focus on 3 main points to choose the right MCB for the electrical circuit


  1. Ampere rating

  2. Short circuit breaking capacity

  3. Application type

...
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Description Price Number of Poles Current Rating Model Number Range Series Rated AC Voltage Tripping Characteristics Breaking Capacity Mounting Style Rated DC Voltage Length Width Depth Application
RS Stock No. 746-7693
Mfr. Part No.S202-C3
BrandABB
PHP2,663.23
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2 3 A - System M Pro S200 400 V Type C 6 kA - - 88mm 35mm 69mm -
RS Stock No. 791-3442
Mfr. Part No.A9F54432
PHP9,416.07
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4 32 A - Acti 9 iC60H 440 V, 12 → 133 V, 220 → 240 V, 380 → 415 V Type C 10 kA DIN Rail 220 → 250V 85mm 72mm 78.5mm -
RS Stock No. 791-3192
Mfr. Part No.A9F53216
PHP4,345.52
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2 16 A - Acti 9 iC60H 440 V, 12 → 133 V, 220 → 240 V, 380 → 415 V Type B 10 kA DIN Rail 100 → 133V 85mm 36mm 78.5mm -
RS Stock No. 532-5118
Mfr. Part No.278806 & FAZ-S2/2
BrandEaton
PHP3,728.30
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2 2 A - xEffect FAZ 230 V Type S 10 kA - - 80mm 35mm 73.5mm -
RS Stock No. 776-3496
Mfr. Part No.A9F77306
PHP8,506.37
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3 6 A - Acti 9 iC60N 440 V Type C 6 kA - 180V - - 85mm -
RS Stock No. 132-065
Mfr. Part No.2CDS272001R0205
BrandABB
PHP2,954.80
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2 20 A - System M Pro S200 440 V Type B 10 kA - 125V 88mm 35mm 75.8mm -
RS Stock No. 798-2209
Mfr. Part No.EUB132B
BrandEuropa
PHP192.21
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- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 532-5168
Mfr. Part No.278811 & FAZ-S16/2
BrandEaton
PHP3,069.17
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2 16 A - xEffect FAZ 230 V Type S 10 kA - - 80mm 35mm 73.5mm -
RS Stock No. 521-4951
Mfr. Part No.5SY6104-7
BrandSiemens
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1 4 A - Sentron 5SY6 230 V, 400 V Type C 6 kA - - 89.8mm 17.6mm 76.4mm -
RS Stock No. 622-0014
Mfr. Part No.5SY4102-7
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1 2 A - Sentron 5SY4 230 V, 400 V Type C 10 kA - - 89.8mm 17.6mm 76.4mm -
RS Stock No. 791-3322
Mfr. Part No.A9F54201
PHP5,835.31
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2 1 A - Acti 9 iC60H 440 V, 12 → 133 V, 220 → 240 V, 380 → 415 V Type C 10 kA DIN Rail 100 → 133V 85mm 36mm 78.5mm -
RS Stock No. 798-2205
Mfr. Part No.EUB16B
BrandEuropa
PHP192.21
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RS Stock No. 772-1290
Mfr. Part No.5SY4206-8
BrandSiemens
PHP3,636.47
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2 6 A - Sentron 5SY4 400 V Type D 10 kA - - 90mm 36mm 76mm -
RS Stock No. 769-4545
Mfr. Part No.239060 & FAZ6-C10/1N
BrandEaton
PHP2,463.74
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1 + N 10 A - xEffect FAZ6 230 → 400 V Type C 6 kA - - 80mm 17.5mm 61.5mm -
RS Stock No. 776-3177
Mfr. Part No.A9N61512
PHP2,573.87
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1 20 A - Acti 9 C60H-DC - Type C 20 kA - 250V 18mm 73mm 81mm -
RS Stock No. 746-8169
Mfr. Part No.2CDS272001R0021
BrandABB
PHP3,350.88
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2 2 A - System M Pro S200 400 V Type D 10 kA - - 88mm - 69mm -
RS Stock No. 772-1284
Mfr. Part No.5SY4204-8
BrandSiemens
PHP3,814.68
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2 4 A - Sentron 5SY4 400 V Type D 10 kA - - 90mm 36mm 76mm -
RS Stock No. 776-3433
Mfr. Part No.A9F74101
PHP3,073.84
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1 1 A - Acti 9 iC60N 240 V Type C 10 kA - 72V 18mm 78.5mm 85mm -
RS Stock No. 124-3180
Mfr. Part No.5SY4350-7
BrandSiemens
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3 50 A - Sentron 5SY4 400 V Type C 10 kA - - 52.8mm 76mm 89.8mm Industrial, Plant Engineering
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